HIV/AIDS in Malaysia

Overview

The first reported cases of HIV/AIDS in Malaysia were in 1986. Since that time, there are now over 100,000 reported cases of HIV infections in the country, and over 16,000 people have died from AIDS as of December 2013.

The epidemic in this country is concentrated within injecting drug users (IDU), sex workers (SW), transgender (TG) and men who have sex with men (MSM) communities. At the end of 2012, Malaysia was estimated to 81,900 people living with HIV (PLHIV) since the first case was detected 27 years ago. In 2013 3,393 new HIV infections were reported, which means that every day almost 10 Malaysians become HIV infected.

The majority of new HIV infections are found in young adults aged 20 to 29 (31% of cases in 2013) and those aged 30 to 39 (35% of cases in 2013). It is important to note that around 66% of new HIV infections are found in adults aged 20-39, which is concerning since this is the age range in which citizens are most productive. As the epidemic progresses we also note an increasing percentage of middle-aged people living with HIV.

In Malaysia, we see a higher rate of HIV transmission through sexual transmission (74% of cases in 2013) versus injecting drug use (22%). The official number of infections transmitted through heterosexual intercourse has increased from 45% of cases in 2012 to 51% of cases in 2013.

The number of HIV positive women has been increasing as well. In 2001, the ratio of HIV positive men versus HIV positive women was 10:1, but in 2013 this ration has dramatically changes to 4:1.

Statistics

  • The majority people living with HIV in Malaysia are men, but the ratio is decreasing.
  • 70% of new HIV infections in 2013 were Malay.
  • Every day almost 10 Malaysians are diagnosed HIV positive
  • 31% of newly reported cases in Malaysia are in their twenties
  • In 2013, Malaysia marked more than 100,000 people diagnosed with HIV since the first case in 1986.
  • AIDS has caused the deaths of more than 13,000 Malaysians

Get Tested if you want to know your status – call 03.4044.4611 to make an appointment. More recent information on the HIV and AIDS statistics in Malaysia.

Number of New HIV Infections, AIDS Cases and AIDS Deaths by Gender Per Year Reported in Malaysia

(From 1986 until 2010)

YEAR HIV INFECTION AIDS CASES AIDS DEATH
Male Female TOTAL Male Female TOTAL Male Female TOTAL
1986 3 0 3 1 0 1 1 0 1
1987 2 0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0
1988 7 2 9 2 0 2 2 0 2
1989 197 3 200 2 0 2 1 0 1
1990 769 9 778 18 0 18 10 0 10
1991 1741 53 1794 58 2 60 10 9 19
1992 2443 69 2512 70 3 73 44 2 46
1993 2441 66 2507 64 7 71 50 5 55
1994 3289 104 3393 98 7 105 74 6 80
1995 4037 161 4198 218 15 233 150 15 165
1996 4406 191 4597 327 20 347 259 12 271
1997 3727 197 3924 538 30 568 449 24 473
1998 4327 297 4624 818 57 875 655 34 689
1999 4312 380 4692 1114 86 1200 824 50 874
2000 4626 481 5107 1071 97 1168 825 57 882
2001 5472 466 5938 1188 114 1302 900 75 975
2002 6349 629 6978 1068 125 1193 823 64 887
2003 6083 673 6756 939 137 1076 633 67 700
2004 5731 696 6427 1002 146 1148 951 114 1065
2005 5383 737 6120 1044 177 1221 882 102 984
2006 4955 875 5830 1620 222 1842 896 80 976
2007 3804 745 4549 937 193 1130 1048 131 1179
2008 2988 704 3692 795 146 941 786 114 900
2009 2527 553 3080 622 119 741 184 621 805
2010 2984 668 3652 868 167 1035 782 122 904
TOTAL 82,603 8,759 91,362 14,482 1,870 16,352 11,239 1,704 12,943
Total Number of HIV/AIDS Cases and Related Deaths Reported in Malaysia

(From 1986 to 2010)

Total Number of HIV/AIDS Cases and Related Deaths Reported in Malaysia

(1986 – 2008,2009 and 2010)

 

Click here to download the more detail statistic report in pdf file format

Source: AIDS/STI Unit, Ministry of Health Malaysia

Prepare by: Resource Center. Malaysian AIDS Council (MAC)

 

Red Book – Policy and Your Rights

The Malaysian Bar Council has published booklets detailing an individual’s rights and obligations during basic encounters with the police.  This book, launched by Minister Nazri Aziz, is writ ten in plain language and is available in English, Malay, Chinese and Tamil.

Download Links: English versionMalay versionChinese version.